Dry Needling is a skilled intervention that uses a thin filiform needle to penetrate the skin and stimulate underlying myofascial trigger points, muscular and connective tissues for the management of neuromusculoskeletal pain and movement impairments. Dry Needling is a technique used to treat dysfunctions in skeletal muscle, fascia and connective tissue while diminishing nociceptive input. This will in turn reduce or restore impairments of body structure and function leading to improved activity and participation.
Dry needling produces similar effects as injection of local anesthetic in terms of inactivation of trigger points. Needling myofascial trigger points may deform the muscle fiber or destroy the dysfunctional motor end plates. The local twitch response is a necessary sign that must be obtained in order to ensure penetration of the myofascial trigger point.
Dry needling is accomplished with a solid conically tipped filament needle, as opposed to a cutting edge hypodermic needle.